In 2010, Phyllis Frye became one of the first two openly transgender judges in the United States. She currently serves as an Associate Judge for the City of Houston Municipal Courts.
Phyllis was born Phillip Frye around 1950, a time of very rigid gender roles. Phillip didn’t understand why his body didn’t match his brain, why he wanted to be in the Girl Scouts instead of the Boy Scouts, why he wanted to wear dresses. And he thought he was the only person who had these types of feelings. As a teenager, he got caught trying on his mother’s dresses, but covered it up with lies.
In college, he married a woman and they had a son, and Phillip later joined the Army. He continued to dress in women’s clothes in secret, until his wife caught him. He underwent numerous therapies that didn’t “cure” him, and Phillip’s wife eventually divorced him. He got kicked out the Army and tried to commit suicide.
In 1972, Phillip got married again to Trish, who accepted his crossdressing, and they moved to Houston. Phillip kept getting fired from engineering jobs after bosses found out about his secret life. It wasn’t until 1976 that Phyllis came out as “transgenderist,” with the support of wife Trish. (The word transgender wasn’t commonly used yet.) Phyllis and Trish had to deal with the fallout: their tires were slashed and obscenities were spray painted on their driveway. They were ostracized by friends and neighbors.
In Houston, at that time, cross-dressing was actually illegal. Phyllis spent four years lobbying against the law, which was repealed in 1980. Phyllis decided to become a lawyer, so she would have “the tools to defend myself against all the crap that was dished my way.” She studied law at the University of Houston, my alma mater.
While at UH, she founded Law Students and Friends of Gays and Lesbians*, with the asterisk at the end meaning the group was inclusive. She also tried to join the Christian Law Society, but they wouldn’t accept her. They started to meet in secret so she couldn’t attend their meetings. Phyllis wrote to the dean of students to complain, and after an investigation, the university suspended the CLS for discrimination.
After graduating in 1981, no law firm would hire her, not even the gay law firms. She sold Amway for five years to make ends meet. She eventually was able to find clients, taking on many transgender clients that other lawyers didn’t want.
At the time, there was an active gay rights movement in the United States, but the LGB didn’t include the letter T. Gay rights groups tried to distance themselves from transgender issues. Phyllis worked within the movement to convince people that homophobia and transphobia are part of the same issue. Now the T is firmly in LGBTQ.
It’s been more than 40 years since Phyllis transitioned, and she is still married to Trish. Besides being a judge, she is a senior partner at Frye, Oaks and Benavidez, and an expert in transgender law.
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